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Mount Tai

Introducing Mount Taishan, Mount Taishan Guide, Mount Taishan Muslim Travel Guide
Article from UNSECO & Shandong Municipal Commission of Tourism,edited by Cathy

Mount Taishan is the most famous sacred mountain of China, with exceptional historic, cultural, aesthetic and scientific value. Settled by humans as early as the Neolithic (a Dawenkou site is nearby), Mount Taishan has been worshipped continuously throughout the last three millennia. A large and impressive rock mass covering 25,000 ha and rising to 1,545 m above the surrounding plateau, Mount Taishan is considered one of the most beautiful scenic spots in China and was an important cradle of oriental East Asian culture since the earliest times.

Mount Taishan was an important object of the cult worship of mountains even before 219 BCE, when the Qin Emperor, Huang Di, paid tribute to the mountain in the Fengshan sacrifices to inform the gods of his success in unifying all of China. On the mountain there are 12 historically recorded imperial ceremonies in homage to Heaven and Earth, about 1,800 stone tablets and inscriptions, and 22 temples, which together make Mount Taishan the most important monument in China, a world-renowned treasure house of history and culture.

The key monument, the Temple to the God of Taishan, contains the Taoist masterpiece painting of 1,009 CE “The God of Taishan Making a Journey”. Inscriptions include the Han Dynasty stelae of Zhang Qian, Heng Fang and Madam Jin Sun; the Valley of Inscribed Buddhist Scriptures inscribed in the Northern Qi Dynasty; the Eulogium on Taishan by Tang Xuanzong, and the Parallel Stelae of the Tang Dynasty. There is also a number of ancient and significant trees, including six cypresses of the Han Dynasty planted 2,100 years ago; Sophora japonica of the Tang Dynasty planted 1,300 years ago, and the Guest-Greeting Pine and the Five-Bureaucrat Pine, both of which were planted some 500 years ago. All the architectural elements, paintings, in situ sculptures, stone inscriptions and ancient trees are integrated into the landscape of Mount Taishan.

Rising abruptly from the vast plain of central Shandong, Mount Tai’s peak, Jade Emperor (also called the Peak of Shandong) reaches 5,069 feet. As one of the Five Great Mountains (the Five Great Mountains being Mount Tai, Mount Hua, Mount Heng, Mount Heng, and Mount Song), Mount Tai is associated with sunrise, birth, and renewal, and is often regarded as the foremost of the five peaks.

Geologically, Mount Tai is a tilted fault-block mountain, higher to the south than north, and is the oldest and most important example of the paleo-metamorphic system representative of the Cambrian Period in eastern China. Besides the Jade Emperor Peak, other distinctive rock formations are the Heaven Candle Peak, the Fan Cliff, and the Rear Rock Basin. Over 200 species of animals and 122 species of birds inhabit this great mountain landscape. Mount Tai was listed in the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 1987.

Quick Facts on Mount Taishan

Name: Mount Tai 
Location: Hongmen Road, No.45 , Tai’an
Best Time to Visit: May to November
Recommended Time for a Visit: 3 Hours
Opening Hours: 08:30 - 18:00(Summer);08:30 - 17:00(Winter)
Admission Fee: CNY 127


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