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XianTerra Cotta Warriors & Horses

Introducing XianTerra Cotta Warriors & Horses, Xian Terra Cotta Warriors & Horsesl Guide.
Article from Xian Municipal Commission of Tourism

The Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. Work is ongoing at this site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum, Lintong County, Shaanxi province. It is a sight not to be missed by any visitor to China.

Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 BC), Qin Shi Huang, later the first Emperor of all China, had work begun on his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life. A group of peasants uncovered some pottery while digging for a well nearby the royal tomb in 1974. It caught the attention of archeologists immediately. They came to Xian in droves to study and to extend the digs. They had established beyond doubt that these artifacts were associated with the Qin Dynasty (211 --206 BC).

The State Council authorized to build a museum on site in 1975. When completed, people from far and near came to visit. Xian and the Museum of Qin Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses have become landmarks on all travelers' itinerary.

Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard should look like in those days of pomp and vigor.

The Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections: No.1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. They were tagged in the order of their discoveries. No.1 Pit is the largest, first opened to the public on China's National Day, 1979. There are columns of soldiers at the front, followed by war chariots at the back.

No.2 Pit, found in 1976, is 20 meters northeast of No.1 Pit. It contained over a thousand warriors and 90 chariots of wood. It was unveiled to the public in 1994.Archeologists came upon No. 3 Pit also in 1976, 25 meters northwest of No.1 Pit. It looked like to be the command center of the armed forces. It went on display in 1989, with 68 warriors, a war chariot and four horses.

Altogether over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.

The Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses is a sensational archeological find of all times. Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses has put Xian on the map for tourists. Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages.

Quick Facts on Xian Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses

• Name: Xian Terra Cotta Warriors & Horses
• Location: 30 km Northeast of Xi'an
• Phone: +86-29-87630166
• Dates: Qin Dynasty (221BC-207BC)
• Best Time to Visit: April to October
• Recommended Time for a Visit: 4 Hours
• Opening Hours: 09:00-17:00
• Admission Fee: CNY140